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Michael Tobias – Brief Biographical Details

Michael Charles Tobias – Some Brief Biographical Details  

[As of August, 2012]

Overview  

Michael Charles Tobias (a San Francisco native, born June 27, 1951) is a prolific author of fiction, non-fiction, and hybrid narrative; plays, poetry, essays, reviews, memorabilia, screenplays for film and television, biography, autobiography, and one lonely libretto. He has published more than 45 books, while another 30 or so volumes of fiction and non-fiction, are completed, or nearly so. His works have been published and/or translated throughout the world, in addition to audio books, and books for the blind.

Tobias is also a filmmaker and photographer. His more than 170 films, including at least 7 television series, drama, docu-drama, and a myriad of non-fiction works, have been distributed, translated and/or broadcast in most countries of the world. 

Tobias’ more than 100,000 photographs –taken during expeditions and field-work in over 100 countries- have been archived, several thousand of them published, many others exhibited. Several hundred of his images are in the permanent collection of the National Museum of Bhutan (Ta Dzong).

Tobias is a global ecologist who has done field research in half the nations of the world, and virtually every singular biome on the planet. His areas of concentration are myriad but converge in his person: ecological aesthetics, comparative philosophy, literature and religions, environmental history, geographical exploration, ecological anthropology, the history of ideas, environmental psychology, global biodiversity studies, deep demography, animal rights and animal liberation. In addition, Tobias focuses on aspects of zoosemiotics and ethology, and the critical links between human demographic pressure (various population and family planning issues) and the vulnerable, remaining habitats on Earth.

Tobias has examined the concept of sanctuary; studying and documenting conservation efforts – for individuals, species, populations, and landscapes as a whole –alpha, beta, and gamma expressions of species diversity and their protection. Tobias’ research has engendered new models for effectively relating ethics to environmentalism; in his deep and progressive relating of animal rights to conservation biology, and embracing non-violence activism as a crucial corollary of environmental history, philosophy and ethics. 

One of Tobias’ (and his wife, Jane Gray Morrison’s) most recent films – as an official Goodwill Ambassador to Ecuador’s Yasuní National Park – is “Yasuní – A Meditation On Life,” which Tobias, Morrison and the Ecuadorian Government, premiered at the United Nations Rio+20 Summit, in June 2012.

What Some of the Critics Have Written

Tobias has been described in the pages of the Los Angeles Times as one who “perceives the duty to maintain biodiversity as a moral requirement of planet stewardship”.[1] Placing Tobias in the tradition of Thomas Malthus, Paul Ehrlich and E. O. Wilson in a cover story of the Los Angeles Times, scientist Marc Lappé described Tobias’s massive tome, World War IIIPopulation and the Biosphere at the End of the Millennium (Bear & Co., Santa Fe, NM, 1994) as “a lengthy and complex treatise that is a distillation of a lifetime of thought and action concerning the human condition…. a treatise with a difference. It provides a thread of hope, offering a new vision about how humankind may ultimately come to peace with nature.” Writing also of Tobias’s World War III in the book’s second, 1998 edition (Continuum Books, New York) Jane Goodall exclaimed, “Tobias describes for us a path that we could take – a path mapped out by a combination of scientific, logical, intuitive, and spiritual reasoning – towards a future where all is not, after all, lost.” And Goodall added, “In World War III Tobias raises a clarion call. A call for aid such as, in the olden days, would summon knights in shining armor to fight under the banner of their king. And now we are all summoned, each and every one of us. For we must fight together to stop this senseless assault on the natural world.”[2]   

  

Describing Tobias’s ten-hour dramatic miniseries, “Voice Of The Planet,” starring William Shatner and Faye Dunaway; filmed in two-dozen countries and premiering on Turner Broadcasting (TBS) throughout the entire first week U.S. forces invaded Iraq (1991), Kenneth Clark, writing in the Chicago Tribune, wrote, “…it is safe to say that nothing quite like it ever has been seen on television…exquisitely researched and beautifully photographed… Shatner and Dunaway take the viewer far beyond dutiful television on a mesmerizing exploration that reaches from the sub-microscopic world to the stars…Tobias’ message is exhaustively and winsomely delivered.”[3]  

  

In a comment for Tobias’ book, After Eden: History, Ecology & Conscience, UC-Santa Barbara professor and ecological historian Roderick Nash wrote of Tobias, “In an age of increasing specialization, it is extraordinary to encounter an author as widely learned…Quite simply, he is among the most imaginative, creative minds working in the vital field of human experience and the natural world. He should be regarded as the Carl Sagan of the humanities.” [4]  

In addition to his 45 years of intensive field research, Tobias has lectured widely. Over the years he was Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies and Adjunct Assistant Professor of English and the Humanities at Dartmouth College; Associate Professor of Humanities at California State University; Garrey Carruthers Chair of Honors at the University of New Mexico [5]; Distinguished Visiting Professor of Environmental Studies, and Regents Lecturer in Environmental Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara [6].  

Over the years, Tobias has mentored dozens of students, both undergraduate and graduate, in many countries. He has consulted for governments, corporations, other NGOs. Since the late 1990s, Tobias has been President and CEO of The Dancing Star Foundation, an international NGO [501-(c) 3] devoted to animal protection, global biodiversity conservation, and environmental education [7].  The Foundation owns and operates its own preserves, including a scientific sanctuary of global significance in southern New Zealand, a project that Tobias conceived, implemented, and has overseen from inception, focused upon saving native and endemic species whose destiny is uncertain, given New Zealand’s crisis of bio-invasives, a serious ecological driver Tobias has been long involved with.

Tobias’ own research personal library is, as in Thomas Carlyle’s words, “his true university”. It hosts over 10,000 carefully-cultivated volumes; focusing, in large measure, upon natural history, ecological aesthetics, taxonomy, comparative literature, philosophy and ethics

  

Cathartic Early Influences  

Tobias’ work is broadly described as literary, ecological, humanistic, and interdisciplinary, and the sources of his influence are equally widespread. Helen Kazantzakis (widow of the great Greek writer/philosopher Nikos Kazantzakis) and Kazantzakis’ premiere translator, the poet/essayist Kimon Friar, were early mentors to Tobias, who would eventually direct one of his first films on the lasting legacy of Kazantzakis himself [8]. A significant cache of letters between Friar and Tobias are accessible at the Princeton University Rare Books Room, “Kimon Friar Papers, CO713, Series 1: Correspondence 1926-1993.

 

As a young man Tobias wrote a two-volume study of the history of asceticism and the search for paradise (Mountain Paradiseological Physiolatrical Asceticism, 1967, unpublished). Tobias also developed the habit of writing lengthy letters to everyone he admired. Occasionally, he heard back; from Samuel Beckett, Saul Bellow, George Steiner, Arnold Toynbee, Anais Nin, Stephen Spender, Amos Tutuola, Emile Cioran, Giuseppe Tucci, and Chilean mystic Miguel Serrano, among many others. 

Upon completion of his baccalauréat – with coursework at the Universities of Colorado-Boulder, Tel-Aviv, and Amsterdam – Tobias studied for his doctorate in the History of Consciousness Department at the University of California-Santa Cruz under such notable figures as English literary historian, Thomas Vogler, anthropologists Triloki Pandy and Nancy Tanner, ecologist Gregory Bateson, psychoanalyst Norman O. Brown, phenomenologist Maurice Natanson, political philosopher Herbert Marcuse and poet William Everson (Brother Antoninus). 

Tobias spent much of a summer in Zurich, paying daily visits to the famed Tibetologist Dr. Blanche Olschak who helped provide him access early on to the Bhutanese, when Bhutan was still a very closed country to the outside world. Eventually, Tobias, with his close mountaineering friend, the Everest-famed Sherpa Tenzing Norgay, would lead one of the very first trips from the outside into Bhutan, initiating a more than 35-year relationship with that country.  

Other enormous influences on Tobias’ early work were that of poet Percy Shelley, whose life in exile Tobias wrote of for part of his Ph.D. dissertation [9]. Other influences included Max Muller’s Sacred Books of the East (particularly the Jaina Sutras), animal sentience writers like Gilbert White, Alexander Humboldt, Hugh Lofting, Henry Beston, Thoreau, Aldo Leopold, Thornton Waldo Burgess, William T. Hornaday, Ernest Thompson Seton, F. Kingdon Ward; romanticism; German idealism; naturalism in all of its guises; political economists of the 18th and 19th century; and the “ecological existentialism” of Jean Paul Sartre, as well as the great Luminist, transcendentalist and American landscape impressionists, particularly George Inness. 

In addition, Tobias has studied in museums and research libraries throughout the world, focusing, among other things, on the history of illustrated manuscripts – beginning with those at St. Catherine’s Monastery. He has dealt in considerable depth with the illustrated works pertaining to nature; as well as the “voyage extraordinaire” genre, fabulist Utopian literature and art, and religious art – particularly pertaining to the lives of Mahavira, Buddha and Christ – as viewed in illustrators from the early Renaissance through to contemporary painters. Tobias has exhaustively examined, for example, the hundreds of illustrated volumes of Ovid’s Metamorphosis and Cervantes’ Don Quixote, in addition to hundreds of ornithological painters and illustrators; illustrations of the evolving garden motif in countless traditions; and the evolution of the Arcadian ideal in literature, art history, metaphysics, and environmental history.

Tobias’ passion for the art of ornithology has also translated into his field observations (and hundreds of field notebooks, in which he has recorded seeing more than half of the more than 10,000 known avian species in the world).

The Dutch master Jan Vermeer’s work inspired Tobias to write his biographical novel of the painter and his family, Jan & Catharina [10], with important original photographs by Rocky Schenck and elaborate details from Vermeer’s oeuvre. Later, Tobias focused, in his semi-auto-biographical, A Vision of Nature: Traces on the Original World (Kent State University Press, 1997) on the Dutch, Flemish, French, German and Italian approaches to landscape evocation

Japanese and Chinese aesthetics held an equal allure for Tobias, who would end up writing about, and making numerous films in those countries, including co-productions with both Shanghai and Beijing television networks. 

For over 25 years, Tobias all but “commuted” to India where, among other things, he helped establish that country’s first digital studio, in Mumbai, directed numerous films across India, and wrote many books there. In the late 1960s, Tobias moved to Kashmir, living with local Gadi and Ladakhi tribal people, and making numerous notable first ascents, some solo alpine style, including Son Sar Bal, Katzim Pahalin Bal, and an unnamed 17,000+ pyramid of ice in the Kolahoi cirque (the mountain, with the precise dihedral Tobias soloed, figuring on the cover of Tobias’ novel, Deva). On the evening of India’s 50th Anniversary of Independence, Tobias’ 120-minute feature film, “Bharat Ek Din” (also known as “India 24 Hours” and internationally “A Day in the Life of India”) premiered on the national network, Doordarshan, as well as on several other channels, in multiple languages, simultaneously. It was, as Tobias described it in numerous press interviews, “a love letter” to the country he had come to adopt as his second home. The film garnered widespread praise and was one of the most watched feature documentaries in the history of Indian network television.

 

Sacred Mountains, Mountain Cultures & Alpine Ecosystems  

The Trans-Himalayas, and mountains in general, were an important influence on Tobias’ work: mountain ecosystems, wildlife, indigenous spirituality, art history, and the comparative literature of alpine exploration. Tobias was the first reviews editor for the research journal, Mountain Research & Development, as well as Climbing Magazine, and some of his early climbing fiction and non-fiction appeared in such journals as Climbing, The Mountain Gazette, and Mountain Magazine in London, most notably an early essay entitled “The Anthropology of Ascent.” 

In 1973 Tobias lived in a cave above the Monastery of Mount Saint Catherine’s, with its oldest western library in the world, while attending the University of Tel Aviv and writing one of his earliest books, Dhaulagirideon [11], the subject of a lengthy essay in the British journal, Mountain Magazine entitled, “Pondering the Imponderable.” At Saint Catherine’s, Tobias had permission from the Archdiocese in Egypt to study the remarkable array of icons and books, in numerous languages, some of the oldest manuscripts in the world, including desert father literature of seminal importance to Tobias’ ecological and art historical studies. Years later, Tobias was allowed to film at Saint Catherine’s for a television series. The theme of St. John Climacus’ “Ladder to Paradise” figures in much of Tobias’ early alpine/iconographical research.

 

Tobias has been a mountaineer most of his life, having made countless ascents, and hundreds of first ascents, many solo and un-roped, from Antarctica to the Himalayas; from the U.K., Greece, and Chamonix, to new routes on the three highest peaks across the Arabian Peninsula. Among his more celebrated climbs, Tobias made the first ascent of the sheer wall of (the traditionally-denominated) Mount Sinai, countless first ascents throughout the Himalaya, was the first to cross the Grand Pacific Ice Cap between the Yukon and Alaska, and made the first, and only known eccentric rock-climbing traverse of the entire Big Sur Coast of California, staying above the crashing waves of the Pacific along more than 60 miles of rugged, often technical cliffs.

In 1984, Tobias wrote, produced and directed a mountaineering film, “Cloudwalker” for Channel 4/London, which many described as one of the most dangerous movies ever made at the time. It chronicled an attempt at a first ascent of a new route on the East Face of the Moose’s Tooth, in the Ruth Gorge Amphitheatre of Alaska’s McKinley range, with veteran climbers Jeff Lowe, Jim Bridwell and Mark Wilford, and climber/cinematographer Bob Carmichael. [12]  

  

Much of this early mountaineering appeared in many of Tobias’s books, including his early metaphysical blank verse epic, Tsa, and a novel, set in Ladakh where Tobias had spent nearly a year in total while working on his Ph.D., entitled Deva, with a Preface by Kimon Friar [13].

Subsequently, Tobias edited an anthology The Mountain Spirit, with co-editor Harold Drasdo [14], as well as the anthologized work, Mountain People [15]. The former book brought together such unlikely mountain aficionados as Samuel Beckett, George Steiner, Nigerian novelist Amos Tutuola and the late deep ecologist Arne Naess, writing one of his seminal essays, “Modesty and the Conquest of Mountains.” In Mountain People, Tobias elicited original essays on tribal peoples and their mountain ecosystems from every major mountain area of the planet; and contributors who included Colin Turnbull, Robert Coles, Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf, Jack Ives, John Nash, Georgina Ashworth, Gary Snyder, Hugh Downs, Jr., and many others. [16] More recently, Tobias’ mountain concerns have been manifest in his working with the Royal Government of Bhutan on future conservation strategies for the country under the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity.  

  

Major Thematic Concentrations  

Tobias received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Santa Cruz in 1977, specializing in the history of consciousness, particularly with respect to the human orientation to nature throughout time and geography. Portions would be published in various journals and magazines, including The Kenyan Review. In addition, Tobias’ concerns focused on the impact on diverse human cultures throughout time of the very “idea of nature,” a theme that resonates throughout much of Tobias’s approach to what he has most recently enshrined under the rubrics of “the sanctuary movement” of which he has been strong international proponent. [17]. Her Majesty Ashi Dorji Wangmo Wangchuck, Queen of the Fourth King of Bhutan, has described their efforts as being “invaluable for policymakers and scientists…(and) inspiration for the next generation of young ecologists wanting to make a difference in the world.” [18] Tobias has been a powerful voice for ecological ethics, global conservation biology, restoration policies, family planning and its critical relevancy to environmental issues, sustainable energy technologies, non-violent approaches to environmental remediation, animal rights [19] and ecological anthropology and aesthetics. 

Tobias has specialized, among other areas, in the history of environmental art, literature, philosophy and religion. In the mid-1990s was a recipient of the Courage of Conscience Prize.[20] Tobias’ films have included five specials on renewable energy policies and technologies, several being among the first to examine the hydrogen fuel cell revolution, in collaboration with the Departments of Energy in the U.S., Japan, and Germany. Other films have considered various aspects of pollution; of global conservation biology, general wildlife issues, national park and preserve issues, international environmental diplomacy, and population and its impact on the biosphere.  

 

Tobias has also directed, written, produced and/or executive produced films that explore aspects of human nature, politics, art history, and humanism. Tobias was the Co-Executive Producer for Maryland Public Television of the Phil Burton four-hour series, “The Power Game” based upon Washington journalist Hedrick Smith’s book by the same title, a provocative examination of politics inside the beltway. Tobias wrote, produced, directed, edited and hosted the 32-part series, “Science Notes” for KQED/Public Broadcasting that aired three nights each week helping to establish Tobias as an accessible science and environmental educator.

 

  

Population And The Environment  

Tobias is recognized as a powerful voice on the subject of human population issues. [21] His book World War III –Population and the Biosphere at the End of the Millennium received widespread critical praise. Publishers Weekly wrote of it, “The title of this important, eloquent blue-print for ecological and economic sanity refers to our species’ relentless assault on the planet through overpopulation, degradation of resources, factory farming and pollution. Tobias, a historian, environmentalist and film producer, focuses on destructive patterns in five bio-regions – China, India, Indonesia, Africa and the U.S.–enlivening his research with interviews across the globe with ecologists, scientists, family planners, demographers, economists and local inhabitants. Drawing on the Jain religion of India–which stresses nonviolence, environmental responsibility, vegetarianism and interdependence–Tobias outlines a global strategy for curbing population growth, developing renewable energy sources, policing environmental abuse and airlifting urgent conservation assistance to endangered biodiversity `hotspots’. This thoughtful, often lyrical report is the basis for a PBS documentary film of the same name to air in the fall.” [22] The magazine Psychology Today wrote, “World War III reads like a volcano erupting…Tobias throws sparks like an evangelist and has the old-fashioned, wide-ranging erudition of a Renaissance scholar.”[23] Professor Atul K. Shah, an economist at the University of Bristol, England, described Tobias’ book as “a piercing, interdisciplinary work of breathtaking proportions; an urgent global call to action from what must be one of the most outstanding scientists of this generation. Ignorance or denial of the issues raised in this book can only lead inevitably to the extinction of our species.”[24] While Marilyn Brant Chandler Stuart, President of Population Education Committee described World War III as “the most important book of the 1990s…”[25] Family health and population expert Robert W. Gillespie, President of Population Communication likened it to Paul Ehrlich’s best-selling The Population Bomb(1968) in its graphic portrayal of “the war humans are having with their habitat.”[26] In 1994, during the UN population conference, many were asking, “Do we have a population crisis?” The Montreal Gazette quoted Tobias at the time in attempting to put forth an answer: “For purposes of absolute clarity I call it World War III,” or, as the Gazette extrapolated from Tobias’ perspective, “the most terrifying problem humanity has ever faced.”[27] For Jane Goodall’s part, in her Foreword to World War III, she said of Tobias that he had provided “ample scientific proof of the large-scale habitat destruction and loss of biodiversity that has and continues to take place. He tackles controversial issues with unfailing honesty.”[28] On talk shows throughout America, callers heckled Tobias claiming there was no population crisis, and Texas –- with its wide-open spaces — was surely evidence enough. Other critics cited Tobias’ political idealism, particularly with regard to his account of the Chinese family planning program (notwithstanding Tobias’ insistence that he had never advocated anything other than voluntary family planning practices and sterilization). One of the highlights of his work in China was the fact Tobias actually tracked down the “father” of the one-child revolution –a legendary mystery figure, Dr. Qian Xinzhong and met with him in Beijing). [29] In his PBS film documentary adaptation of his book, Tobias interviewed Madame Peng Peiyun, the head of China’s State Family Planning Commission, and to everyone’s shock, she admitted that China could possibly hit 2 billion: a number that smashed the conventional demographic projections for China by a whopping 25%.  

But Tobias had critics like the Kirkus Reviews which wrote that he had employed “a governing metaphor a bit less subtle than a strip mine” though did acknowledge that “Tobias is both knowledgeable and passionate in his attempt to reconcile scientific rationality with a religious reverence for the planet.”[30]    

A copy of Tobias’ book was hand-delivered by various NGO representatives to nearly every world leader who attended the United Nations Population and Environment Conference in Cairo the summer the book emerged and made headlines. At the time Tobias researched and wrote World War III, interviewing hundreds of family planning associates, scientists,demographers, and government leaders throughout the world, human fertility was resulting in the net gain of nearly 97 million newborns per annum (1994). While those numbers have dropped by nearly 20%, human consumption, e.g. –the human ecological footprint, and its devastating impact on biodiversity, has only increased, a computation factoring demographic pressure and corresponding consumption rates that Paul and Anne Ehrlich had earlier defined as the IPAT equation (Impact equaling population x affluence x technology).[31] Where Tobias added to the equation was in his systematic correlations of myriad hits to biological populations throughout Africa, Asia, the Americas, and Pacific Rim, as well as in the G7 nations, resulting from expanding human numbers, a relationship that has recently seen a wave of renewed scientific interest, particularly in the realm of calculating the impact of climate change on biodiversity.[32]  

  

    

Eco-Philosophy & Ecological Aesthetics  

Tobias was one of the earliest advocates in the United States for the deep ecology movement (he being one of the very first to anthologize a collection of essays devoted to that theme, which brought together such writers, poets, philosophers and ecologists as Arne Naess, James Dickey, Murray Bookchin, Roderick Nash, Allan Grapard, Paul Shepard, Garrett Hardin, Herman Daly, Norman Myers, George Sessions, Galway Kinnell and Paolo Soleri[33]. In addition, he helped lend definition to the study of ecological aesthetics with a semi-autobiographical series of ten illustrated essays from Kent State University Press, A Vision of Nature –Traces of the Original World. In examining links between such artists as Giorgione, Dosso Dossi, Jan Van Eyck, Shelley, Vermeer, Vivaldi, Emilie Mediz-Pelikan, Pure Land Buddhists, Jain sadhus, explorers and scientists, Tobias suggested that the survival of humankind and all other species hinges upon our willingness to uphold and celebrate the truth, beauty, and very sanctity of Nature [34]. At the core of this thesis is the assertion that our willingness may, in fact, be hardwired into our evolution; that our affiliation with other life forms – however contradictory its manifestation in terms of violence versus non-violence- is somehow crucial to we are as a species, during the last approximately 125,000 years of our presence on Earth. To this end, Tobias has been long focused on the many avenues of thought concerning “biophilia” and interspecies communication and empathy[35].  

  

Environmental Filmmaking  

Another area of sustained initiatives involves Tobias’ filmmaking, where has exerted some influence particularly in the arena of environmental documentaries and docudrama. Journalist Ellen Snortland writing in the Pasadena Weekly, stated that, “’No Vacancy’, written and directed by Michael Tobias, is to the world’s population explosion what Al Gore’s `An Inconvenient Truth’ is to global warming.”[36] Tobias filmed “No Vacancy” in a dozen countries, with crews visiting Nigeria, Iran, India, Thailand, Italy, France, the Netherlands, Ghana, Indonesia, China, Mexico and the United States. The film is characteristic of Tobias’s approach to material, which is to exhaustively research the subject before filming it, and then to apply a variety of lenses, camera-types, and lush musical scores in the editing process. Other films of note included “Dubai- 24 Hours,” “India -24 Hours,” “Mad Cowboy,” (based on the life of activist Howard Lyman), the ten-hour epic “Voice of the Planet,” “Jam Packed,” “The Cost of Cool,” “River of Love,” and numerous others. Tobias’ 1997 anthology, published by Michael Wiese Books, The Search For Reality – The Art of Documentary Filmmaking brought documentary filmmakers from around the world to address the nature of non-fiction. [37] Tobias’ most recent feature film “Hotspots” premiered on public broadcasting (through presenting station KQED) two nights before the Presidential election, on Sunday night November 2, 2008. There was a clear reason for that, as the film carefully elucidates the choices for the American public in terms of what was ecologically at stake as never before. As with most of his films, Tobias wrote, directed, produced, executive produced the movie, as well as being one of the principal cinematographers for it.   

  

The Sanctuary Movement & International Conservation Efforts  

In some of his earliest films and writings, Tobias focused extensively on the concept of sanctuary” as an ecological and modern-day ethical incarnation of early spiritual and legal traditions in many countries, particularly English law, wherein, for a thousand years those who entered duly-enshrined Churches could obtain legally codified sanctuary.   

  

The ecological twist that Tobias added to the equation affirmed his life-long passion for biodiversity conservation, animal rights, and a species-wide compassion. Writing a cover story for the New York Academy of Sciences publication, The Sciences, and following three films Tobias made in the Antarctic, he called for an Antarctic World Park, in the spirit of similar proposals from Greenpeace and the nation of New Zealand[38] and drew pivotal attention to the despoliation occurring in what was, at the time, presumed to be the last great hope for large-scale preservation on Earth. His film, “Antarctica: The Last Continent” (PBS, 1987 )[39] encouraged the National Science Foundation to implement best environmental practices at some of its managed bases in Antarctica, including McMurdo, which NSF subsequently did. In Tobias’ eye-opening Discovery Channel account of the Exxon Valdez disaster, in his film “Black Tide” he considered yet another terrible dilemma confronting humankind, namely, oil, focusing –among other things- on what Tobias calls “the biological bottom-line”:   “The food chain is the key and it’s a horrifying scenario…We have reason to believe (the death toll) is closer to 2 million animals,” Tobias said in an interview with The Washington Post. Wrote interviewer Patricia Brennan, “Tobias’ “Black Tide” concludes that the United States must develop other energy sources and stop relying on oil.” [40]   

  

Coupling the impacts of extreme demographic pressure with society’s high energy intensity and consumerism have been long-running themes emergent in Tobias’ fiction as well as his non-fiction, and filmmaking. “The Sky’s On Fire,” a feature film for ABC based upon Tobias’ novel, Fatal Exposure [41] (and also deriving from two MacNeil-Lehrer NewsHour pieces Tobias produced in Antarctica)- Tobias examined ozone depletion and its impact on biodiversity. “The View From Malabar”[42], and “Element One”[43] were early documentaries for public broadcasting examining green space issues, and remarkable prospects for an international hydrogen fuel cell economy. “America’s Great Parks,” a feature documentary for Discovery Channel written by Tobias, examined the Grand Canyon, Yellowstone, and Yosemite, as representative of one of the greatest ideals ever created by Americans, namely, national parks.[44].  

  

With such films as his 1997 feature, “River of Love,”[45] which looked at the life of Sri Mata Amritanandamayi Devi in India[46], Tobias underscored a geography of hope, as he terms it, which he has endeavored to explore most comprehensively in his, and co-author Jane Gray Morrison’s work, Sanctuary –Global Oases of Innocence. [47] 

In Sanctuary, with its in-depth textual analyses and more than 850 photographs by Tobias and Morrison, the authors track remarkable efforts by conservationists, ethnobotanists, park superintendants and scientists, habitat managers and animal rights activists to save habitat and individuals. For the book, their research focused on Alaska (Wrangell-St.Elias National Park with park service and U.S. Fish & Wildlife researchers working to save a rare seabird, Kittlitz’s Murrelet), the San Francisco Bay Area (Muir Woods and the Farallon National Wildlife Refuge), Central Park, Farm Sanctuary in Upstate New York, the Central Suriname Nature Reserve with Dr. Russell Mittermeier, the Iberian Wolf Sanctuary in Portugal, the work of Brigitte Bardot in France, continuing efforts to save Bialowieza National Park in eastern Poland and western Belarus, a European brown bear sanctuary in the Netherlands, Michael Aufhauser’s Gut Aiderbichl sanctuary in Salzburg, Austria, Howard Buffett’s cheetah sanctuary (Jubatus) in South Africa, Marieta Van Der Merhe’s Harnas Wildlife Sanctuary in Namibia, and other sanctuaries on the island of Socotra in southern-most Yemen, in the United Arab Emirates at Al Maha, at the Al Areen Sanctuary in Bahrain, in the vegetarian Rajasthani city of Pushkar, and the Nilgiris of India(working with the Todas and Dr. Tarun Chhabra), in Indonesian Borneo with Dr. Birute Galdikas at Tanjung Puting National Park, in Brunei’s Ulu Temburong National Park, at a butterfly sanctuary in Malaysia, at nature reserves throughout Singapore, in Thailand, and the many moss temples of Kyoto’s Greenbelt, Japan, and in eastern-most Bhutan’s newest wildlife sanctuary of Sakteng, where Tobias led an intensive collaborative biodiversity survey across 125 kilometers of little-known Eastern Himalayan high-altitude terrain, under the auspices of Bhutan’s National Biodiversity Centre. Sakteng is the domain of the Brokpa yak herding peoples, and the only nature reserve on earth to protect the Yeti.[48]  

  

Tobias worked to save domestic animals in Russia, and has been involved in innumerable initiatives throughout Africa, Europe, the Middle East, Persian Gulf and Asia, to assist wildlife preservation efforts. In New Zealand for more than a decade he has overseen continuous ecological restoration of an important peninsula in the far South of the country, adjoining Rakiura National Park;[49] a privately owned (Dancing Star Foundation) high-biodiversity value mosaic of four distinct biomes; as well as working on translocation, ecological island, hotspots, and global animal rights field research, numerous publications, symposia, conservation gatherings for the public, and films.  

In Bhutan, Tobias has served as chief international technical advisor to the country’s third biodiversity action plan, a document charting the next five years (2010-2015) which is key to that nation’s commitment to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity.[50] It was published in December 2009 by the Ministry of Agriculture for the Royal Government of Bhutan. Part of Tobias’ contribution has been the incessant focus on the biological bottom line as a critical path within that nation’s overall conservation plans. Focusing on one of the primary areas of rural Asian economic revenue streams, agriculture, Tobias writes, “…It is agriculture that, more than any other arena of human activity, inflicts the most extensive ‘pain points’; the ‘suffering index’ equivalency to ‘hotspots’ (areas of vast biological ruination). Pain points refer to all those domains of human economic expediency that affect by far the largest number of creatures – whether vertebrate or invertebrate, mammal or other – doomed to suffer and be killed, a quantum that exceeds 100 billion individuals per year, if fresh water and marine vertebrates are included. The reality of such pain points has never been ignored. Asia’s great religious traditions all acknowledged them….”[51]

  

In his feature film documentary, “Hotspots” (KQED/American Public Television, PBS Home Video, 2008) Tobias and Morrison joined forces with President of Conservation International, Dr. Russell Mittermeier, to make a film, based upon the book Hotspots Revisited[52] which focuses upon successful, if challenging, biodiversity conservation efforts on Easter Island (Rapa Nui, Isla de Pascua), throughout Madagascar, in the Atlantic Forests of Brazil, in the Tropical Andes, Southern California, and New Zealand.

  

All of these endeavors converge for Tobias, philosophically and ethically, in an embrace of the pragmatic sanctuary concept; the realization that habitat, and individual members of the more than 100 million estimated species on Earth, can be spared further insult, harassment and death by Homo sapiens if only we will listen to our hearts, and to nature, embracing good governance, proactive conservation measures, and a thorough animal rights orientation in all matters.  

  

The Anthropology of Conscience  

One of Tobias’ foremost themes is what he has termed “the anthropology of conscience”.[53] In examining Tobias’ focus on ahimsa, or non-violence in Sanskrit, editor Clifton Flynn ponders to what extent some of the cultures Tobias has extensively researched from a unique ethnographic perspective of the conscience, offer realizable blueprints for ethics-in-action in the West.[54] Tobias’s systematic research has shown precisely that. Whether among Indian Jains, Todas, and Bishnoi, Burmese Karen, Japanese Zen Buddhist, Javanese Inner Badui, or eastern Himalayan Brokpa and Chalingpa, the intellectual and moral roadmaps have proved to be the same. In numerous books, essays and films [55], Tobias has emphasized provocativ e examples of humanity’s capacity for non-violence, compassion, and tolerance, despite much paleo-archaeological and ecological evidence to the contrary. He has made a study of the “windows of conscience on the world” from ethnographic field-work, and extensive study of vegetarian, and non-violent tribal and spiritual groups throughout history. His results have painted a challenging picture of ethical components for broad environmental policy thinking. In his Preface to one of his earliest works of non-fiction, After Eden: History, Ecology & Conscience, Tobias wrote, “Between its celebrations of privilege, and the angst of its reckonings, human life gathers unto itself a chaos of contradictions. The region of this duality is protean, here a battlefield, there a quiet churchyard. These are the landscapes after eden, upon which human consciousness has focused.” And went on to write, “We share things, and this fact alone recommends our species…If we are ceaseless tamperers, we are also from time to time unobtrusive. Though we shout, so may we whisper…”[56]   

  

In living with, and intensively researching the ecological coefficients of indigenous spiritual and ethical traditions, Tobias’ work has unambiguously moved forward the notion that humanity has what it takes to get it right, with respect to an ethically and environmentally sustainable future. In a lengthy interview with the editors of Mother Earth News Tobias has been described as one who has “reinvigorated (Thomas) Malthus’s theories” [57] of exponential population growth and the fatalism and hopelessness surrounding such historic examples of runaway population, consumerism, cruelty and disastrous environmental consequences as Malthus himself, in part, recorded. Yet, consistently, Tobias has also acknowledged with a global range of in-depth examples and research, that human beings are constantly revealing windows on the “soul of nature”[58] that counter our colossal trespass with kindness, and kinship with the Creation.[59]  

  

In writing about the example of the nearly twenty-million Jains, Tobias has said that “what we do with the all-encompassing belief in nonviolence is a personal affair…Each of us must rise to the challenge; must transform every juncture of every day into the possibility of a poetic gesture of forgiveness, right intentions, love and compassion. The opportunities, of course, are endless.”[60]  

  

In analyzing Jain compassion, lifestyle, and nonviolent approaches to the world, Tobias has championed Jain ecological connections. His work which most embodies these ecological, religious and ethnographic relationships is Life Force –The World of Jainism, which has been called “the best book on Jainism”.[61]  

  

Tobias’s PBS film, “Ahimsa –NonViolence,” premiered nationwide throughout the United States on Christmas Day in 1987 and was described by Southeast Asian Religions Professor Chris Chappel as a film “which elegantly portrays several Jain leaders and extols the religion as the great champion of animal rights and nonviolent living.”[62] The film, which took three years of preparations and was filmed in nearly 100 locations across India, was one of the first ever to explore in depth the Jain religion, as well as portraying the life of Digambara, Shwetambara and Sthanakavasi mendicants. In an essay on Jain conscience in 1997, Tobias described “the goal of absolute nonviolence” as an ideal that activists worldwide must take seriously, “every waking moment.”[63] Elsewhere, Tobias has argued that evolution does not condemn us; only our choices can do that. Adding, “We have the capacity throughout our lives to give unstinting, unconditional love.”[64]  

  

In examining the Bishnoi, Tobias made a clear connection between such “opportunities” and ecological sustainability, by focusing on universal principles of conservation that stem from long-term ethical convictions. In this case, the Bishnoi of Rajasthan –during a terrible and sustained drought throughout Western India and Pakistan in 1988- were actually shown to have saved themselves and their communities and ecosystems through prudent and non-violence ecological behavior, a metaphor, said Tobias, for progressive conservation that could be applied throughout Asia, Africa, and elsewhere.[65]

  

With regards to the Todas of the Nilgiris, Tobias has pointed to the fact that the entire Toda society, some 1,000 years ago, converted to vegetarianism, despite their neighbors all being meat-eaters. This unique transformation of an entire community on ethical grounds is one of the “windows” Tobias cites as key to understanding the potential for the human species to engage in non-violence; a fact that underscores much of Tobias’s ecological and ethical activism.[66] In his Introduction to Kenneth Brower’s book One Earth, Tobias wrote, “The human race is rallying. The earth desperately needs the personal help and restraint of each of us.”[67]    

  

Reconciling Animal Protection and Conservation Biology  

In their book Donkey –The Mystique of Equus Asinus [68], Tobias, and his co-author (and wife) Jane Gray Morrison examined donkeys through an interdisciplinary ecological approach that has characterized much of their respective and collaborative work; an approach that fuses non-fiction with very personal and lyrical experiential prose, even expeditionary autobiography. Combining science, art history, comparative literature, spirituality, and animal rights has become something of a hallmark of Tobias’ writing. Jonathan Spaulding, Executive Director of the Museum Of The American West, Autry National Center, would write of Donkey, “Humble, tough, gentle, and wise, donkeys have a lot to teach their old companions, the humans. In a book as solid and deep as the species it describes, Michael Tobias and Jane Morrison have given us an allegory for our survival.” [69]   

  

In his book, Environmental Meditation, Tobias modeled his essays in the same style as that of Marcus Aurelius, addressing eco-psychological underpinnings of animal rights, eco-aesthetics, ecological history, and spirituality – from Chartres, to Viennese ducks, the search for paradise, and “the mind in an age of ecological stress.” His Holiness Gurudev Shree Chitrabhanu, a Jain guru, wrote of Tobias’ Meditations, “In the fear of death, man has forgotten how to live. Michael Tobias shows in his meditations how to live in the fullness of the moment and experience the beauty of the earth and the ecstasy of macrocosm in microcosm.”[70]And actor, author, environmentalist, film director William Shatner wrote of the book, “With an awesome intellect and enviable passion, Michael Tobias has fashioned a book that must be read by every concerned human who wishes to follow the poetical trail left by a 21st century man…Michael gives us hope.”[71]  

  

Along with the fundamental perception of a Utopian present in humanity’s ever-aspiring orientation to the natural world, one of the hallmarks of Tobias’ diverse artistic and scientific work has been an effort to reconcile the complexities of conservation biology with the endlessly challenging case for animal rights. This cause has thoroughly propelled Tobias’ philosophical and activist work. [72] In the concluding remarks of his lead essay for the accompanying catalogue of a traveling museum exhibition devoted to “Endangered Species: Flora & Fauna in Peril,” [73] Tobias writes, “The numbers (referring to U.S. Fish & Wildlife listings of Threatened and Endangered species) represent far more than cold calculus. Each species has an amazing, mysterious face, an incalculable biography, and a primeval context that is local, regional, and global…Given the extremes of the human animal, whose footprints are inordinately represented across the landscape, we must confront that all too familiar spectacle of ourselves: ungainly beasts in an innocent garden, with capacities that both recommend and condemn us in the context of biological history.”[74]   

  

Tobias has furthered his enquiries into this dialectic that perceives human nature with both optimism and sincere misgivings, in such works as Nature’s Keepers –On The Front Lines of the Fight to Save Wildlife in America [75], Voices From The Underground –For the Love of Animals[76], and the 1836-page illustrated epic, The Adventures of Mr Marigold, which American critic Michael Pastore described as “Certainly the book of the year; probably the book of the decade.”[77]. Notwithstanding its undeniable obscurity, in numerous interviews, Tobias has referred to The Adventures of Mr Marigold as his most ambitious undertaking, and the one that has, in his view, best articulated his thoughts and feelings about life.   

  

In other works, like Rage & Reason [78], A Naked Man [79], Chateau Beyond Time [80], and films such as “Mad Cowboy”[81], “World War III”[82], “River of Love”[83], “Kids & Animals”[84], “Hotspots[85], the epic ten-hour miniseries, “Voice of the Planet”[86], and the coffee table book, Sanctuary –Global Oases of Innocence, co-authored with Jane Gray Morrison[87] Tobias’s vision of a spiritual ecological renaissance has continually focused upon every sentient being, from bacterium to entire wilderness areas, however “complicated” the math.

In 2004 Tobias was honored with the Parabola Focus Award for his long-standing body of work in defense of the Earth.[88] Describing one of Tobias’ many encounters with a wild creature, Ingrid Newkirk, co-founder and President of PETA, People For the Ethical Treatment of Animals, recently described Tobias as “one of the world’s great souls.”[89] Over the years, Tobias has assembled dozens of philosophers [90], scientists [91], ethicists [92], ethologists [93], population experts [94] and eco-philosophers [95] from around the world to lend further clarity to the chorus of perspectives all harboring in their specific orientations a unified quest to blend nature, spirituality, science and ethics, with the human condition, such that the paradise that is this earth might yet be spared, and appropriate policies of virtuous governance and ecological mindfulness be enshrined in every society.   

  

At its heart, this ecological vision of a positive future asks that humanity embrace compassion as an abiding hallmark of our many nuanced paths forward.  

  

  

Some Recent Endeavors  

In 2008, in addition to the Dancing Star Foundation’s major gift to the Smithsonian Folklife Festival Bhutan component, an event that drew over one million visitors to the National Mall, Tobias gave a dozen talks at the Smithsonian on Bhutanese conservation policies in the Asian, and global context. Tobias’ book, Sanctuary: Global Oases of Innocence, was officially launched at the Festival. 

Beginning in 2008, Tobias oversaw the significant new translocation work of rare and threatened bird species in New Zealand on the DSF Ecological Preserve adjoining Rakiura National Park (specifically, Brown Creeper – Mohoua novaseelandiae) and Riflemen – Acanthisitta chloris); collaborated in continuing efforts to monitor one of Alaska’s most endangered seabird species, as well as working with colleagues on expanded habitat protections for a remote part of south-central India, in the Western Nilgiris. Tobias’ feature film, “Hotspots,” premiered at the IUCN and UNEP in Gland and Geneva, Switzerland in September 2008, and that December, his collaboration on the “Endangered Species: Flora & Fauna in Peril” exhibition continued with the show traveling from California to the U.S. Department of Interior Museum in Washington D.C. That same Fall, Tobias and Morrison saw their nearly 200 large format photographs exhibited as the inaugural exhibition of the newly built Ta Dzong, or National Museum of Bhutan, above Paro, Valley. The photographs documented the Bhutanese presence at the 2008 Smithsonian Folklife Festival in Washington D.C.

In 2011, Tobias and Morrison Directed and Produced the three-hour Dancing Star Foundation “State of the Earth” TV series, which included Dr. John Harte, Dr. Rod Nash, Dr. Tom Gillespie, Bob Gillespie, Frances Moore Lappé, Ingrid Newkirk, Dr. Paul Ehrlich, and Tobias himself. It was hosted by Alexandra Paul and Peter Kreitler.

In 2012, Tobias, and his wife Jane Gray Morrison, were made official Goodwill Ambassadors for the Republic of Ecuador‘s Yasuní-ITT Initiative, in an effort to save Ecuador’s Yasuní National Park and surroundings from oil exploitation. Yasuní, arguably one of the most biologically diverse and important eco-regions on Earth, is the subject of the film, “Yasuní — A Meditation on Life,” Directed and Written by Tobias, Produced by Jane Gray Morrison, which premiered, along with a corresponding Quito-based SATRE 3D installation, at the United Nations Rio+20 Summit in late June, 2012. In his presentation at the UN Rio Summit, Tobias — along with such panelists as President Rafael Correa of Ecuador, Dr. Helen Clark, Chief of the UNDP, and former President of Chile, Dr. Michelle Bachelet — called for increased awareness [96] of the critical importance of the northwestern biological corridor within Ecuador. In his capacity as an official delegate to the Rio Summit, Tobias spoke on how to embrace the Yasuní-ITT Initiative as a cutting edge global warming mitigation strategy, not only for the Amazon, but for the entire planet. [97]

Consistent with his long-standing philosophical and scientific efforts to reconcile animal rights and conservation biology, Tobias delivered the annual keynote address at the University of London School of Oriental and African Studies in March, 2012, as the opening for a symposium on Conservation Biology, Animal Rights, and Comparative Religions. [98]Tobias’ most recent book, God’s Country: The New Zealand Factor (co-authored with Jane Gray Morrison) with a Foreword by PETA President, Co-Founder, Ingrid Newkirk, is a 600-page examination of the first decade of the 21st century, through the lens of ecology, biodiversity, economics and ethics, and offers formidable considerations for new and revolutionary sustainability in the combining of a moral compass with governance and biology. Ingrid Newkirk suggested it should be “nominated for a Pulitzer.” Other new books by Tobias include The Strange Life & Disappearance of English Milligrams and Professor Parrot and the Secret of the Blue Cupboard. Since February, 2011, Tobias has written for Forbes on-line [99] publishing some 50 essays and over 400 letters on ecology, economics, biology and ethics. Among his many interviews for Forbes, guests have included Dr. Wayne Clough, Secretary of the Smithsonian, Ahmed Djoghlaf, former Executive Secretary of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, UNDP Chief Helen Clark, Ecuador’s Secretary of State for the UNDP Yasuni-ITT Initiative, Dr. Ivonne Baki, and a five-part in-depth discussion with Conservation International President, Dr. Russell Mittermeier.

In late July, 2012, the Dancing Star Foundation, of which Tobias is President, received the 2012 Environmental Innovator Award, as part of New Zealand’s Environment Southland and Department of Conservation Environment and Conservation Awards.[100]

Upcoming new works from Tobias include his trilogy, “The Wild Child of Bialowieza,” a collection of essays entitled “The Metaphysics of Protection” (with Jane Gray Morrison), and a new book, and accompanying short film, Tobias has co-authored with Dr. Paul Ehrlich “Animal Rights & Wrongs,” focusing upon the future of life on earth, and the many ethical ambiguities ensuring a sustainable future entails.

Some Key Links to Tobias’ Various Works:

www.hotspots-thefilm.org

www.sanctuary-thebook.org

http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/6897048-the-adventures-of-mr-marigold http://www.squidoo.com/mostinterestingbooks

www.bookloversreview.com/fiction/marigold2006.html

http://zorbapress.com/?page_id=184  for the ebook; and for the hardcover editions:

http://www.amazon.com/Adventures-Mr-Marigold-Michael-Tobias/product-reviews/1877333093

http://zorbapress.com/?page_id=193

http://zorbapress.com/?page_id=90

http://www.diamondmindinc.com/dsfstore.html

https://dancingstarfoundation.box.net/shared/st72okcdfn

http://www.dancingstarfoundation.org/donkey.php

http://www.dancingstarfoundation.org/environmental_education.php

www.dancingstarfoundation.org

http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0864888/

http://www.barnesandnoble.com/s/michael-tobias?keyword=michael+tobias&store=allproducts

http://www.bookfinder.com/author/michael-tobias/

http://www.amazon.com/Michael-Charles-Tobias/e/B000APT5WY

http://blogs.forbes.com/people/michaeltobias/

www.michaeltobias.org

www.michaelcharlestobias.org

www.michaelcharlestobias.com

www.michaelcharlestobias.net

http://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=michael+charles+tobias

http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=michael+tobias&qt=results_pages;

http://www.enotes.com/topic/Michael_Tobias

http://www.amazon.com/mn/search/?ref_=ntt_athr_dp_sr_1&sort=relevancerank&search-alias=books&field-author=Michael%20Tobias&rd=1

http://wapedia.mobi/en/Michael_Tobias

http://zorbapress.com/?page_id=106

http://zorbapress.com/?page_id=90

http://zorbapress.com/?page_id=184

http://zorbapress.com/?page_id=193

 Selected Books by Michael Tobias (aka Michael Charles Tobias)

(Excluding many of the translations & editions)

ANIMAL RIGHTS & WRONGS: THE FUTURE OF LIFE ON EARTH (working title), by Dr. Paul R. Ehrlich (Stanford University) and Dr. Michael Charles Tobias, non-fiction, for late 2012 (with accompanying film of same)

THE METAPHYSICS OF PROTECTION (with Jane Gray Morrison), a Dancing Star Foundation Book, for 2013.

THE WILD CHILD OF BIALOWIEZA, a Trilogy, for 2013.

CENTRAL PARK – A Conversation in Three Acts, fiction, Zorba Press, Ithaca, NY for late 2012

BIOTOPIA, non-fiction, Zorba Press, for late 2012

THE STRANGE LIFE & DISAPPEARANCE OF ENGLISH MILLIGRAMS, a novel, Zorba Press, 2012

PROFESSOR PARROT AND THE SECRET OF THE BLUE CUPBOARD, with original illustrations by Adonna Khare, Zorba Press, fiction, 2011

21st CENTURY SOLITUDE, novel, Zorba Press, 2010

GOD’S COUNTRY: THE NEW ZEALAND FACTOR, with co-author Jane Gray Morrison, Prelude by Ingrid Newkirk, President of PETA, Zorba Press, A Dancing Star Foundation Book, non-fiction, 2011.

ENDANGERED SPECIES: FLORA & FAUNA IN PERIL – Museum Exhibition Catalogue, Wildling Museum Traveling Exhibition, including the U.S. Department of Interior Museum in Washington D. C., non-fiction, 2010

BAP III: United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, Bhutan’s Third Five Year Plan – “Biodiversity Action Plan III,” Chief International Consultant/Technical Advisor/Editor, published by the National Biodiversity Centre and Ministry of Agriculture, Royal Government of Bhutan, non-fiction 2010

CHATEAU BEYOND TIME, novel, Council Oak Press 2010; German edition, BESTIARIUM, Lubbe Publishers, 2011

THE MISADVENTURES OF PINOCCHIO, published as a libretto/novella, by Zorba Press, 2010; Written for the late composer (“Il Postino, w Plácido Domingo, et. cetera,) and close friend, Daniel Catán

SANCTUARY: Global Oases of Innocence, w/ Jane Gray Morrison, formally launched by the Smithsonian Institution, non-fiction large format work, Foreword by Her Majesty Ashi Dorji Wangmo Wangchuck, Queen of Bhutan, June, 2008

THE ADVENTURES OF MR. MARIGOLD, 1836-page novel, lavishly illustrated, Craig Potton Publishing, Nelson, New Zealand, 2006, republished in the United States, Ithaca, NY, Zorba Press and Amazon.com, 2011; Hailed by critics as “Best Book of the Year,” & “One of the Best Books of the Decade”

NO VACANCY: Global Responses to Human Over-Population, (Ed.,w/ J. Morrison, B. Gillespie, E. Hughes), Hope Publishing, Pasadena, CA, non-fiction, 2006

KINSHIP WITH ANIMALS –revised edition, Ed., Council Oak Books, non-fiction, 2006; Korean edition 2009

DONKEY: The Mystique of Equus Asinus, co-author Jane Gray Morrison, Council Oak Books, Tulsa, OK, non-fiction, 2006

DUBAI 24 HOURS, Motivate Publishing, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, non-fiction, Forward by the U.A. E’s Sheikh Hamdan, 2003

A PARLIAMENT OF SCIENCE: Science For The 21st Century, (Ed., w/T. Timmers, G. Wright) State University of New York Press, non-fiction, 2003

TWIMC (To Whom It May Concern), a novel, Verbum Inc., w/C.Traub, 2003

VOICES FROM THE UNDERGROUND: For the Love of Animals, New Paradigm Books, Pasadena, CA, non-fiction, 1999

A PARLIAMENT OF MINDS –Philosophy For A New Millennium, (Ed., w/Dr. P. Fitzgerald, Dr. D. Rothenberg), SUNY – State University of New York Press, non-fiction, 1999

JAN & CATHARINA, fiction, original photographs by Rocky Schenck, Smart Art Press, 1997

IN SEARCH OF REALITY: The Art of Documentary Filmmaking, (Ed.) M.Wiese Publishing, non-fiction, 1997

NATURE’S KEEPERS: On The Frontlines of the Fight To Save Wildlife In America, John Wiley & Sons Publishing, non-fiction, 1997

ICH SPURTE DIE SEELE DER TIERE (I Feel The Soul of Animals), (Ed., w/K.Solisti) Frankh-Kosmos Publishing, 1997, 2nd edition -2003

A DAY IN THE LIFE OF INDIA, Harper Collins, 1997, non-fiction, International Best Seller

INDIA 24 HOURS, Mapin Publishing, Ahmedabad, India, 1996

A PARLIAMENT OF SOULS -In Search of Global Spirituality, (Ed. w/Jane Gray Morrison, Bettina Gray) KQED/PBS Books, 1995

WORLD WAR III –Population and the Biosphere at the End of the Millennium, Bear, & Co., and Continuum Books/Herder & Herder, Preface by Jane Goodall, non-fiction, 1994 and 1998 (Cover Story, Los Angeles Times Sunday Book Review Section, A Book of the Year Selection, London Independent)

EL HOMBRE LA CONTRA DE TIERRA, Flor Del Viento, Barcelona, non-fiction, Barcelona, Spain, 1996

WORLD WAR THREE, 27 1/2 hrs, L’Institut national canadien pour les aveugles (Canadian National Institute for the Blind –audio book version), non-fiction, 1996

THE SOUL OF NATURE – Visions of a Living Earth, (Ed. w/G. Cowan) Continuum/Penguin-Dutton/Plume, NY, non-fiction, 1995 and 1996

A VISION OF NATURE – Traces of the Original World, Kent State University Press, non-fiction, 1995

A NAKED MAN, a novel, Asian Humanities Press, a novel, 1994

ENVIRONMENTAL MEDITATION, Crossing Press, Watsonville, CA, non-fiction, 1993.

RAGE & REASON, a novel, Rupa & Co., New Delhi, and AK Press, Scotland, 1993 and 1997; Italian edition –La Legge di Felham, from Nuova Etica, Turin, 2002; Ofke, Kitap Publishers, Istanbul, Turkey, 2009. 

BELIEVE, a novel (with William Shatner), Berkley/Putnam, New York, 1992.

LIFE FORCE – The World of Jainism, Asian Humanities Press, non-fiction, Berkeley, CA, 1991 and 2000

FATAL EXPOSURE, a novel, Pocket Books/Simon & Schuster, New York, 1991; Hungarian edition, Plantin/Budapest, Vegzetis Sugarak, 1993.

VOICE OF THE PLANET, a novel, Bantam Books, International Best Seller, 1990

MOUNTAIN PEOPLE, (Ed.) University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK, 1986

AFTER EDEN – History, Ecology & Conscience, Slawson Communications,, non-fiction, San Diego, CA, 1984

DEEP ECOLOGY, (Ed.) Avant Books, non-fiction, San Diego, 1983 and 1986

DEVA, a novel, Avant Books, Preface by Kimon Friar, San Diego, 1982

VOICE OF THE PLANET, large-format elephant folio with original art, 1980

THE MOUNTAIN SPIRIT, (Ed., w/Harold Drasdo, Overlook/Viking/Penguin, New York, 1979; 2nd and 3rd editions, Viking/Penguin, Victor Gollancz, London, 1980

DHAULAGIRIDEON illustrated novella, Agni Review, Antioch College, 1973

TSA, experimental prose poem novella, IMAJ Press, 1974

Additional Selected Dramatic Works: 

“CHATEAU BEYOND TIME,” on spec, adapted from Tobias’ published novel by the same title, Burgundian art history of the Horae tradition (the many Book of Hours) meets Collapse.

“DEVA,” -on spec, adapted from Tobias’ novel by same title (Himalayan history)

“A NAKED MAN,” –commissioned by CMM Studios, Mumbai, adapted from Tobias’ published novel by same title (Jain equivalent of “The Little Buddha”)

“THE WATERFALL,” commissioned by the Dino De Laurtentiis Film Corporation, adapted from Tobias’ novel by same title and published in his larger work, The Adventures of Mr. Marigold

THE WATERFALL,” a new version commissioned by producers at Warner Brothers Studios.

“ANJIN,” (the theatrical version of “Shogun”), commissioned.

“AND THERE WAS LIGHT,” the true story about a blind boy who survived the Holocaust, commissioned.

“RAGE & REASON,” (aka “Felham’s War,”) adapted from Tobias’ published novel by same title, commissioned; in the genre of Peter Schaffer’s “Equus.”

HARRY & ARTHUR,” a play, adapted from Tobias’ novel by same title, Believe, Los Angeles performances, 2003, starring William Shatner

Selected Films, Writer, Director, Producer and/or Executive Producer:

“YASUNÍ– A MEDITATION ON LIFE,” Office of the President, and of the Secretary of State, Government of Ecuador, Yasuní-ITT Initiative, UNDP (Writer, Director, Co-Executive Producer), 2012 – Premiered for the United Nations Rio+20 Summit on behalf of Ecuador, Short feature-film; in addition to portions of the 3D Museum/Rio+20 Summit Yasuní Installation Imagery.

“STATE OF THE EARTH,” 3 hrs, DSF/EarthTalk Production, Free Release as 12 short documentaries on YouTube, (Writer/Director/Producer/Co-Executive Producer), Hosted by Alexandra Paul and Peter Kreitler, 2011 

HOTSPOTS,” Feature Doc, DSF Production/PBS, (Writer, Director, Producer, Co-Executive Producer, Co-Cinematographer), 2007

“MAD COWBOY,” Feature Doc, Population Communication Production, PBS, (Writer, Director, Producer, Co-Executive Producer, Co-Cinematographer), 2006

NO VACANCY,” Feature Doc, Voice for a Viable Production, PBS, (Writer, Director, Producer, Executive Producer, Co-Cinematographer) 2006

A PARLIAMENT OF SCIENCE,” 60 half-hour TV interviews filmed in Budapest for UNESCO, (Writer, Director, Producer, co-Executive Producer, based upon Tobias’s book by same title), various versions

Y.M.I.” feature film, Temple4Films, (Co-Executive Producer), 2004

“THE HYDROGEN AGE,” the first World Watch Special, 1 hr, (Writer), 2003

DUBAI 24 HOURS,” Al-Arabiya Feature Film,  (Writer, Director, Co-Executive Producer, Narrator), 2003

“A DAY IN THE LIFE OF MOSCOW” -short subject (Director), 2003

“J.C. LEYENDECKER: An American Master Revealed,” 1 hr documentary, Arny Stone Productions, (Writer), Whitney Museum Premiere, 2001

“COST OF COOL,” 30-minute documentary, (Writer/Director) Population International, 2001 (Accepted as part of a curriculum for Los Angeles School District)

IMAGES OF ARIZONA,” 1 hr documentary, KAET/PBS, 2001 (Senior Director, Producer), 2001

“THE SKY’S ON FIRE,” 2 hr Feature Film, ABC, Fremantle Productions, Pearson Intl., UK (Executive Producer, and based upon Tobias’s novel –FATAL EXPOSURE)

“THE VIEW FROM MALABAR,” 1 hr Ohio PBS special, 2000 (Director)

“A PARLIAMENT OF MINDS,” 15 part series, PBS/Wisdom Network, 2000 (Director, Producer, based upon Tobias’s book by same title)

“WHALE SHARK HUNTERS OF THE PHILIPPINES,” KETA films, one hr special, 2001 -for National Geographic Explorer (Executive Producer)

“RIVER OF LOVE,” feature film, Dharmic Productions, 1999 (Writer/Director)

 “KIDS & ANIMALS,” Animal Planet, 1999 (Director, Co-Writer)

“WILLIAM SHATNER: At Home in the Universe,” Canadian Broadcasting Corporation/Bravo 1999 (Director, Writer)

“STONE’S EDGE,” feature film on American history through the eyes of Oliver Stone, with Oliver Stone, Al Pacino, Cameron Diaz, Jamie Fox, Dennis Quaid, Matthew Modine, Willam Dafoe, et. cetera, First Look/Oversees Film – 50 hours, unfinished –on hold, Writer, Director, Producer, Co-Cinematographer, Michael Tobias, 1999.

“THE LAST STAND,” PBS, feature documentary, 1999 (Co-Writer, Co-Executive Producer).

LEGENDS & DREAMERS,” 1 hr, PBS, 1998 (Writer, Director)

“AMERICA’S GREAT PARKS,” 2 hr special, Discovery Channel, 1998 (Writer, Story-by)

“RENEWABLE POWER,” U.S. Department of Energy, 1998 (Executive Producer)

“THE WETLANDS OF JAPAN,” Goldman Foundation, short-subject, 1998 (Director, Producer)

“CLIMB FOR TIBET,” 1 hr special, Wisdom Network, 1998 (Director)

“THE ORIGINALS,” 3-part series, Doordarshan, 1997 (Executive Producer, Director)

“JAM PACKED,” Public Broadcasting, 1 hr, 1997 (Director, Co-Executive Producer)

“ELEMENT ONE,” Public Broadcasting,1 hr, 1997  (Writer, Director)

“SEAN CONNERY,” Lifetime/TeleImages-Paris, 1 hr special, 1997, United Artists Home Video, (Writer, Director)

“A DAY IN THE LIFE OF INDIA,” Doordarshan/NHK/StarPlus/PBS, 2 hrs 1996 (Writer, Director, Producer, based upon Tobias’s book by same title)

“WORLD WAR III,” PBS, 1 hr, 1994 (Writer, Director, Producer, Executive Producer, based upon Tobias’s book by same title)

“A PARLIAMENT OF SOULS,” PBS/Vision TV-Canada, 32 half-hr series, 1993 (Writer, Director, Producer, based upon Tobias’s book by same title)

“THE SIXTH ANNUAL GENESIS AWARDS,” Discovery Channel, 1 hr, 1992 (Director, Producer)

“A DAY IN THE LIFE OF IRELAND,” PBS-WNET/RTL-Dublin, 1 hr 1992 (Writer, Director)

“THE FIFTH ANNUAL GENESIS AWARDS,” Discovery Channel, 1 hr, 1991 (Director, Producer) – [Tobias sold the series to Animal Planet/Discovery Channel and it is now in its 23rd year]

“VOICE OF THE PLANET,” TBS, 10 hr dramatic miniseries, 1990 (Writer, Director, Producer, Executive Producer, actor –self) based upon Tobias’s novel by same title)

“THE MAKING OF VOICE OF THE PLANET,” TBS, 1 hr, 1990 (Writer, Director, Producer, Executive Producer)

“BLACK TIDE,” Discovery Channel, 1 hr, 1990 (Writer, Director, Producer)

“THE POWER GAME,” CPB/PBS, 4 hr series, based upon by the book by the same title by author Hedrick Smith, 1989 (Executive Producer)

“ANTARCTICA – A Greenpeace Special,” PBS, 1 hr, 1988 (Executive Producer)

“AHIMSA: Non-Violence,” PBS, 1 hr, 1987 (Writer, Director, Executive Producer) – Re-released by Direct Cinema, Ltd., then by Dancing Star Foundation with Direct Cinema, 2010.

“ANTARCTICA -The Last Continent,” PBS, 1 hr, 1987 (Writer, Director, Producer, editor)

“SCIENCE NOTES,” PBS, thirty-two part series, 1985-1987 (Writer, Director, Producer, Editor, Host)

ART NOTES,” 1 short (Director), 1987, PBS, KQED

“ANIMAL RIGHTS” and 3 other MacNeil-Lehrer PBS specials: “A HOLE IN THE SKY –Two Parts” and “JOSHUA BELL” “1986/1987 (Writer, Director, Producer, Editor, Host)

“THE GIFT,” PBS, 30 min, 1986 (Writer, Director, Producer, Editor, Host)

“PLAYING GOD,” PBS, one hour, 1986 (Narrator)

“SPACE FUTURES,” PBS, 30 min, 1986 (Writer, Director, Producer, Editor, Host)

“SAND AND LIGHTNING,” PBS, 30 min, 1986 (Writer, Director, Producer, Editor, Host)

“CLOUDWALKER,” Channel 4/London, A&E, National Geographic Explorer, PBS, 1 hr 1985 (Writer, Director, Producer) 

KAZANTZAKIS,” PBS, 30 min, 1984 (Writer, Director, Producer, Composer)

“A HOUSE FOR ALL SEASONS,” PBS, 2 30-minute shows -the pilot for a successful series on PBS that ran for years (Writer)

Many hundreds of Articles, Essays, Reviews, Letters & Peer-Reviewed Book Chapters:

Such magazines and journals and newspapers as: Forbes (over 50 pieces and 400 letters published in Forbes since March, 2011), The Kenyon Review, The Athenian, Discovery Magazine, Population & Environment, Bloomsbury Review, The Wall Street Journal, Times of India, The San Francisco Review of Books, Parabola, Sciences –Journal of the New York Academy of Sciences, Greenpeace, Animal Law, The New Scientist, Psychology Today, Trilogy Magazine, and Lapis. 

Several hundred interviews with Tobias published and/or broadcast in such venues as the Washington Post, San Francisco Chronicle, Population Press, Mother Earth News, Calcutta Statesman, YahooAsia, The Economist, European Forum CSR, Wild Foundation, Broadcast News, World Watch Institute, Conservation Magazine, Psychology Today, the Baltimore Sun, Good Morning America, New Zealand National Radio, CNN International, World Wildlife Fund Radio, Star Plus; scores of news features, as well as several cable specials about Tobias. 

Most recently, a major essay on “Crete, Biodiversity and Nikos Kazantzakis” for the Dr. Thanasis Maskaleris book, The Terrestrial Gospel of Nikos Kazantzakis, published by Zorba Press in 2011, coming out in a Greek edition in 2012; and a new Virtual Museum Catalogue essay for the upcoming David Wagner 2013 exhibition, “Environmental Impact.”

References  

  

1.  Lappe, Marc. “So Many People . . . How Will We Feed Them? World War III: Population and the Biosphere at the End of the Millennium, By Michael Tobias”, Los Angeles Times, November 27, 1994. “Like Wilson, Tobias perceives the duty to maintain biodiversity as a moral requirement of planet stewardship.”  

2. Jane Goodall, from her Foreword to World War III –Population And The Biosphere At The End Of The Millennium, Continuum Publishing Company, New York, 2nd edition, 1998, p.12.  

3. “Mini-Series’ Love Story Has Urgent Message,” by Kenneth R. Clark, Chicago Tribune, February 18, 1991.  

4. From Back Cover comment of Tobias’ book After Eden: History, Ecology and Conscience, Avant Books, San Diego, 1985. www.amazon.ca/After-Eden-History-Ecology-Conscience/dp/0932238289 – 76k  

5. www.unm.edu/~honors/faculty/carruthers.htm – 12k  

6. www.artsandlectures.ucsb.edu/archive/2001-2002/pr/tobias.asp – 7k  

7. www.dancingstarfoundation.org  

8. “Kazantzakis,” KRMA/PBS, 1983.www.imdb.com/title/tt0816548/fullcredits  

9.  “A Biography of Self-Consciousness,” Ann Arbor Dissertation Abstracts, 1977.  

10.  search.barnesandnoble.com/used/product.asp?EAN=2692552667640&Itm=2 – 39k –  

11. www.amazon.co.uk/Dhaulagirideon-Michael-Charles-Tobias/dp/B00072B03C – 102k  

12. Cloudwalker – Cloudwalker – Cinemawww.cinemarx_ro/filme/Cloudwalker- Cloudwalker-  395705.html   

13.Rx; www.amazon.com/gp/cdp/member-reviews/ A8JMUGJHWSFSY? www.amazon.co.uk/Deva-Michael-Charles-Tobias/dp/0932238106 – 118k; See also links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0276-4741 (198112)1%3A3%2F4%3C308%3AD%3E2.0.CO%3B2-4  

14. www.amazon.com/Mountain-Spirit-Michael-Tobias/dp/0879510730 – 164k –      

15.  www.amazon.ca/Mountain-People-Michael-Tobias/dp/0806119764 – 78k; See   

 also,links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0276-4741(198705)7%3A2%3C177%3AMP%3E2.0. CO%3B2-9  

16. www.anthrosource.net/doi/abs/10.1525/aa.1987.89.4.02a00270  

17. See Sanctuary: Global Oases of Innocence, p.xix, Council Oak Books, San          

Francisco and Tulsa, 2008. See also “Red listed biodiversity threatened,” by Jane Gray Morrison and Michael Tobias, www.onlineopinion.com.au/view.asp?article=7638, 7/23/08; See also, http://onlineathens.com/stories/052701/boo_0527010021.shtml

18. From the Queen of Bhutan’s Foreword to Sanctuary: Global Oases of Innocence, by Michael Tobias and Jane Gray Morrison, p. ix, Council Oak Books, ibid.  

19. See “Michael Tobias,” pp.269-278, People Promoting And People Opposing Animal Rights – In Their Own Words, ed. by John M. Kistler, Foreword by Bernard Rollin, Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, 2002.  

20. http://www.peaceabbey.org/awards/cocrecipientlist.html  

21. See such essays as “Feeding the Population Monster -A review essay based on a new book by Michael Tobias entitled: World War III: Population and the Biosphere At the End of the Millennium,” by Ronald Bleier, desip.igc.org/Monster.html;   

Thomas Marks’ review of World War III, published in: the Journal Small Wars & 

Insurgencies, Volume 7, Issue 1 Spring 1996, pages 112 – 119; “Population Ethics For the 21st Century,” by Michael Tobias, www.populationpress.org/essays/essay- tobias; See also, “Listening To Women,” by M.Tobias, The Population Press, Volume 10, Number 3, Fall 2004, pp.6-11. No Vacancy: Global Responses to the Human Population Explosion, ed. by Michael Tobias, Bob Gillespie, Jane Gray Morrison and Elizabeth Hughes, New Paradigm Books, Pasadena, Calif., 2006; the feature film documentary, “No Vacancy,” Written and Directed by Michael Tobias, www.dancingstarfoundation.org/pdfs/Selected_Films_by_Michael_Tobias.pdf; and Lapis Magazine, “World War 3: Population and the Biosphere,” by Michael Tobias (based upon Tobias’ book by the same title),  www.lapismagazine.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=58&Itemid=61 – 45k; and the-edge-of- town.blogspot.com/2006/10/world-war-iii-by-michael-tobias-this.html   

22. From Publishers Weekly, Copyright 1994 Reed Business Information, http://www.amazon.ca/World-War-III-Michael- Tobias/dp/0826410855.  

23. Psychology Today: “What’s next?” Jan/Feb 95 Article ID: 1379 …psychologytoday.com/articles/p;   

24.  Back cover comment  to first edition, World War III – Population And The Biosphere At The End Of The Millennium, by Michael Tobias, Bear & Company, Santa Fe, NM, 1994.  

25. ibid., inside cover blurb.  

26. ibid.  

27. See “Cairo’s an apt site for UN population conference,” by Mark Abley, The Gazette, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September  3, 1994. www.lexisnexis.com/us/Inacademic/frame.do?tokenKey-rsh-20.640961.830  

28. p.12, from Jane Goodall’s Foreword to World War III – Population And The Biosphere At The End Of The Millennium, by Michael Tobias, 2nd Edition, Continuum Publishing Company, New York, 1998.  

29. ibid., p.59.  

30. Kirkus Reviews, Copyright 1994.  

31. http://www.eoearth.org/article/IPAT equation; See The Population Bomb, by Dr. Paul R. Ehrlich, Sierra Club Books, San Francisco, 1968.  

32. Climate Change and Biodiversity, Edited by Thomas E. Lovejoy and Lee Hannah, Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, 2005.  

33. Deep Ecology, edited by Michael Tobias, Avant Books, San Diego, 1984.  

34. See A Vision of Nature: Traces of the Original World, by Michael Tobias, Kent State University Press, Kent, Ohio, 1995. See also, ahttp://books.google.co.uk/books?id=nNmB- GsVAFEC&dq=%22a+vision+of+nature%22&source=gbs_summary_s &cad=0 Michael Tobias Page 12 3.5.2010  

35. See “Animal Communications,” pp.28-29, Encyclopedia Of Animal Rights And Animal Welfare, Ed. by Marc Bekoff with Carron A. Meaney, Foreword by Jane Goodall, Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, 1998.  

36. See also www.pasadenaweekly.com/cms/story/search/?page=3&author=256; See “Regarding a sustainable world,” by Olivia Redwine, New Perspectives, Winter 2008, pp.18-21. See also, “No Vacancy, a Film by Michael Tobias,” reviewed by Dr. Alvin Winder, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, in Int’l. Quarterly of Community Health Education, Vol. 26(3) 319-320, 2006-2007. See also, “Our People,” “Michael Tobias, Ph.D. Regarded as one of the outstanding  documentary filmmakers of our time,” home.earthlink.net/~h2000/ourpeople.htm; See also ‘Mad Cowboy’ Wins Artivist Film Festival Best Feature Award; and findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_2006_Dec_1/ai_n27072207; and www.allbusiness.com/services/business-services/3964379-1.html;  

37. http://www.amazon.com/gp/reader/0941188620/ref=sib_dp_pt#reader-link  

38. “The Next Wasteland: Can the Spoiling of Antarctica Be Stopped?” by Michael Tobias, The Sciences, March/April 1989, pp.18-24.  

39. TV Weekend; “’The Last Continent,’ Antarctica Documentary,” by John J. O’Connor, The New York Times, August 21, 1987;   

See also: http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0DE3D8153EF932A1575BC0A96194 8260  

40. “‘Black Tide’; Discovery’s ‘Tide’ Examines Alaska Oil Spill,” by Patricia Brennan, Washington Post Staff Writer, March 18, 1990, The Washington Post, Sunday Edition  

41.  www.amazon.com/Fatal-Exposure-Tobias/dp/0671725726; See also, The Sky’s On Fire -www.imdb.com/name/nm0864888/  

42.  www.ket.org/tvschedules/episode.php?nola=VFMB++000000&&cd=1& – 6k  

43. See http://vufind.org/demo/Record/662691  

44. tv.msn.com/tv/series-episodes/america’s-great-parks-grand-canyon-yellowstone-and- yosemite/ 

45. www.answers.com/topic/river-of-love-a-documentary-drama-on-the-life-of-ammachi  

46 – www.answers.com/topic/river-of-love-a-documentary-drama-on-the-life-of- ammachi; see also, movies.nytimes.com/movie/211623/River-of-Love-A-Documentary-Drama-on-the-Life- of-Ammachi/overview. See also, www.hinduismtoday.com/archives/2001/3-4/18_books_video.shtml – 14k   

47.  www.counciloakbooks.com  

48. – http://www.sanctuary-thebook.org/   

49. See “Island fence set to enhance biodiversity,” by Phil McCarthy, Southland Times, Invercargill, New Zealand, April 14th, 2005: “It was an important conservation tool to help restore native flora and fauna in a region of outstanding historic biodiversity, “Dr.Tobias said. See also, http://www.dancingstarfoundation.org/new_zealand.php  

50. – http://www.dancingstarfoundation.org/bhutan.php  

51. –ibid., unpublished research paper for BAPIII.  

52. Hotspots Revisited, by Russell A. Mittermeier, Patricio Robles Gil, Michael Hoffmann, John Pilgrim, Thomas Brooks, Cristina Goettsch Mittermeier, John Lamoreux and Gustavo A.B. Da Fonseca, CEMEX, Mexico City, 2004.   

53. In Society & Animals: Social Scientific Studies of the Human Experience of Other Animals, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1996, pp. 65- 73.  

54. In Social Creatures: A Human and Animal Studies Reader, edited by Clifton P. Flynn, Lantern Books, Brooklyn, New York, 2008, p. 95.  

55. ibid., pp.443-444. Tobias, M. (1985). After Eden: History, Ecology and Conscience. San Diego: Slawson. ________.(1987). “Ahimsa Non-violence” [Television], KRMA/TV-PBS-Public Broadcasting System. Denver. ——-.(1991). Voice of the Planet. New York: Bantam Books. ——-.(1992). Life-Force: The World of Jainism. Fremont, Calif: Asian Humanities Press. ——-.(1993). Environmental Meditation. Freedom, Calif: Crossing Press. ——-.(1994a). A Naked Man. Fremont, Calif: Jain Publishing. ——-.(1994b). Rage and Reason. New Delhi: Rupa & Co., India. ——-.(1994c). World War III: Population and the Biosphere at the End of the Millennium. Santa Fe: Bear & Company ——-.(1995a). India 24 Hours. Bombay: CMM Studios and Mapin Publishing, Ahmdebad, India. ——-.(1995b). A Vision of Nature: Traces of the Original World. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press. ——-.(ed.). (1986). Mountain People. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ——-(1995). Tobias, M., J.Morrison and B. Gray (eds.), A Parliament of Souls: In Search of Global Spirituality. San Francisco: KQED Books.

56.  p.xi, from the Preface to After Eden: History, Ecology and Conscience, Avant Books, San Diego, Ca:, 1985. See also, http://openlibrary.org/b/OL3193778M  

57. “The New Population Bomb,” August/September 1997, Mother Earth News, www.motherearthnews.com/Nature-Community/1997-08-01/Dangers-Of-Population-Increase.aspx?page=; see also “Feeding the Population Monster,” A review essay based on a new book by Michael Tobias, desip.igc.org/Monster.html   

58. The Soul of Nature –Celebrating the Spirit of the Earth, ed. by Michael Tobias and Georgianne Cowan, Plume, Penguin Group, New York, 1996.  

59. Ich spurte. die Seele der Tiere, ed. by M.Tobias and K.Solisti, Stuttgart: Kosmos Publishers, 1997. Also published as Kinship With The Animals, Beyond Words Publishing, Hillsboro, Oregon, 1998. Second, revised edition in 2006 with Council Oak Books.  

60. p.x, from Tobias’s Preface to Mahavira –Prince of Peace, by Ranchor Prime, Illustrated by B. G. Sharma, Mandala Publishing, San Rafael, Calif., 200  

61. Prashant Shah, http://www.amazon.com/gp/cdp/member- reviews/A1RE17MISWF41G/ref=cm_cr_dp_auth_rev?ie=UTF8&sort%5Fby=MostRece ntReview; See also, An Anthology Of Living Religions, ed. by Mary Pat Fisher and Lee W. Bailey, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, N.J., Second Edition, 2008, pp.108-110; See Tobias’ Life Force: The World of Jainism, Berkeley, CA: Asian Humanities  Press, 1991, pp.5-16.  

62. See Jainism and Ecology: Nonviolence in the Web of Life, Edited by Christopher Key Chappel, Center for the Study of  World Religions, Harvard Divinity School, Religions of the World and Ecology Series, 2002.  

63. “Ecology of Conscience,” by Michael Tobias, Parabola, Fall 1997, p.18.  

64. “Choosing Generosity –Filmmaker and author Michael Tobias on developing the capacity for unconditional love and making sense of our passions,” Interview by Zoe Weil, Hope Magazine, Spring 2000, No.22, pp.51-53.  

65. Michael Tobias, “Desert survival by the book”, New Scientist, 17 December, 1988, p.29 – 31; see also www.institut.veolia.org/fr/cahiers/symbolique-eau/mythes-eau/afrique.aspx; See also, Tobias, M., Environmental Meditation, Crossing Press, Freedom, Calif., 1993, pp.83-96.  

66.  Michael Tobias, “The Anthropology of Conscience,” op.cit., Society & Animals, pp.69-71.  

67. One Earth, by Kenneth Brower, Photographed by more than 80 of the world’s leading photojournalists, Introduction by Michael Tobias, Collins Publishers, San Francisco, Calif., 1990, p.15.  

68.  Donkey –The Mystique of Equus Asinus, Council Oak Books, San Francisco and Tulsa, 2006.  

69. ibid., back cover.  

70.  Environmental Meditation, by Michael Tobias, Crossing Press, Freedom, Calif., 1993. Back Cover.  

71. ibid.  

72.  See http://www.dancingstarfoundation.org/articles.php.   

73. Endangered Species: Flora & Fauna in Peril, Wildling Art Museum, Los Olivos, California, 2008.  

74. ibid., pp.10-11  

75. Nature’s Keepers –On The Front Lines of the Fight to Save Wildlife in America, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1998. www.amazon.co.uk/Natures-Keepers-Front- Americas-Wildlife/dp/0471157287   

76. Voices From The Underground –For the Love of Animals, Hope Publishing, Pasadena, Calif., 1999. Writes Library Journal, “Tobias examines the choices we have made as a society that have led us to this institutionalized cruelty against animals. His book is difficult to read only because it exposes so much suffering. Still, it is essential for public and college libraries.” Peggie Partello, Keene State Coll. Lib., NH  

77. BookLovers Review: The Adventures of Mr. Marigold — by Michael Tobias Mar 2, 2006 … The Adventures of Mr. Marigold a novel by Michael Tobias Published by Craig Potton Publishing “Certainly the book of the year; probably the … www.bookloversreview.com/2006/03/adventures-of-mr-marigold-by-michael.html – 13k; http://www.bookloversreview.com/2006/03/adventures-of-mr-marigold-by-michael.html;   

78. Tobias’s novel has been compared and contrasted with the works of T. Coaghessan Boyle, psychoanalytic perspectives in Jacques Lacan, Gilles Deleuze and Jean Baudrillard, in Nicholas Spencer’s essay, “Inhuman(e) Subjects: Postmodern Theory and Contemporary Animal Liberation Fiction,” in Critical Studies: From Virgin Land to Disney World: Nature and its Discontents in the USA of Yesterday and Today, edited by Bernd Herzogenrath, pp.187- 208 (22), published by Rodopi, 2001. See the Turkish version, Ofke (Anger), published by Versus Kitap, Istanbul, 2006: http://www.kitapturk.com/V2/Pg/MetaDetail/Number/30154/Ofke.htm http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/rodopi/crst/2001/00000015/00000001/art00011; See also the Italian version– http://www.liberazioni.org/ra/ra/l-recfelham.html, La Legge Di Felham, Nuova Etica, Turin, Italy, 2002.  

79.www.booklistonline.com/default.aspx?page=show_product&pid=561479  

80. Publishers Weekly, Starred Review, “…a well-written and sophisticated thriller,” March 3, 2008.  

81. See, “Howard Lyman: Meet the Original Mad Cowboy,” by Sacha Vais, Organic Consumers Association, January 12, 2007, http://www.organicconsumers.org/articles/article_3796.cfm; See also, ‘Mad Cowboy’ Wins Artivist Film Festival Best Feature Award,”  Business Wire,  Dec 1, 2006, http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_2006_Dec_1/ai_n27072207.  

82. “The first comprehensive look at the most pressing and least understood problems of our time,” www.libreriauniversitaria.it/world-war-iii-michael-tobias/book/9780826410856 – 15k; http://www.amazon.com/Hombre-Contra- Tierra-Coleccion-

Vientos/dp/8489644063/ref=sr_1_31?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1217213648&sr=1-31;  

83. BellaOnline –The Voice of Women, http://www.bellaonline.com/articles/art36668.asp    

84. “The impact of this presentation is the bond shared between challenged children and animals. A truly touching hour.” The late Gretchen Wyler, President, The Ark Trust, Inc., Fourteenth Annual Genesis Awards, http://www.amazon.com/Kids-Animals- Partnership-Michael-Tobias/dp/B00004TWWJ  

85. See “Man’s erosion of Earth in focus,” by Kristin S. Agostoni, The Daily Breeze, 07/10/2008, www.dailybreeze.com/ci_9846595 – 55k; See also, “Film calls for conservation of life in biological hot spots,” by Seda Terzyan, Daily Bruin, dailybruin.ucla.edu/news/2008/may/05/film-calls-conservation-life- biological-hot-spots/ 

86. “Voice of the Planet” (1991) Directed by Michael Tobias. With William Shatner. William Shatner plays an ecologist who discovers a computer in a remote Buddhist monestary… www.imdb.com/title/tt0381825/ – 33k; ^ Brennan, Patricia. “One Man’s Vision: Learn By Listening to the Earth”, The Washington Post, February 17, 1991.   

87. “When I came to the end of this stunning book, I realized that I had been mistaken. Utopias –and the utopian imagination—are not extinct. These sanctuaries for living creatures are, as well, sanctuaries for human spiritual renewal.” http://epublishersweekly.blogspot.com/2008/05/sanctuary-by-michael-tobias-jane.html.  

88. Explore the Power of Myth In Film At Mythic Journeys: Tobias, a prolific ecologist/filmmaker and Parabola Focus Award-winner for 2004, will present the first public screening of May Cowboy… www.mythicjourneys.org/PR_film_festival-rev3.pdf  

89. www.petacatalog.org/BK882_PEEK.pdf  

90. http://wwww.amazon.com/Parliament-Minds-Philosophy-New- Millennium/dp/0791444848; see also, ww.mentalhelp.net/poc/view_doc.php?id=1185&type=book&cn=115; interviewees include Robert Cummings Neville, David Crocker, martha Nussbaum, Tu Wei-ming, John McDermott, Marjorie Grene, Joseph Margolis, Esa Saarinen, K. Anthony Appiah, Lewis Hahn and Michael Halberstam.  

91. www.amazon.com/Parliament-Science-21st-Century/dp/0791458148 – 166k; See also,  www.memestreams.net/users/jlm/blogid3547901/; interviewees include Sir Crispin Tickell, Robert May, Anthony Janetos, Robert Watson, Madhav Gadgil, Federico Mayor, John Durant, Rita Colwell, Nobel Laureates Leon Ledermen and Joseph Rotblat, M. S. Swaminathan, Frans B. M. de Waal and Julia Marton-Lefevre.  

92. www.amazon.com/Parliament-Souls-Spirituality-Companion- Television/dp/0912333359; see also,  www.imdb.com/title/tt0791280/; Interviews with several dozen major spiritual figures include H.H. the Dalai Lama, Sir John Templeton, Dr. A. T. Ariyaratne, Theodore Martin Hesburgh, Martin Marty, Robert Muller, Dr. Hans Kung, Dr. L.M. Singhvi, Professor Rabbi Emil Fackenheim, Rabbi Irving Greenbert, Dr. Azizah Y. Al-Hibri, Thomas Banyacya, Pir Vilayat Inayat Khan, et.al.

93. Ich Spurte Die Seele Der Tiere (I Feel The Soul of Animals), [ed.w/K. Solisti], Frankh-Kosmos Publishing, 2003, includes essays from Jane Goodall, Ingrid Newkirk, et.al.

94. In Tobias’ No Vacancy: Global Responses to the Human Population Explosion, ed. with B.Gillespie, J.Morrison and  E.Huges (Hope Publishing, Pasadena, Calif. 2006) interviews are edited with such figures as Elena Herrera, Secretary General of Mexico’s CONEPO, Ghanaen Presidential Advisor Dr. Frederick Sai,  Eliazbeth Lule of the World Bank, Thoraya Ahmed Obaid of the U.N.Population Fund, Duff Gillespie, Don Weeden, Dr. Joseph Speidel, Paul Ehrlich, Dr. Malcolm Potts, Allan Rosenfield, Christopher Flavin, Dr. Thomas Lovejoy, Dr. Lester Brown, Shirley Hufstedler, Gloria Feldt, John Bongaarts, et.al.

95. The Soul of Nature –Visions of a Living Earth (ed. w/G.Cowan), Continuum, New York, 1994, and Plume/Penguin 1998.  Essays from Peter Mathiessen, Barry Lopes, Rick Bass, Annie Dillard, Gretel Ehrlich, Wendell Berry, Thich Nhat Hanh, Terry Tempest Williams, Hazel Henderson, Petra Kelly, Matthew Fox, et.al. 

96. “Yasuní-ITT will be Promoted in Brazil”. Ecuador Times. 2012-04-23. http://www.ecuadortimes.net/2012/04/23/yasuni-itt-will-be-promoted-in-brazil.  

97. “Ecuador Yasuni ITT Trust Fund”. United Nations Development Group. http://mdtf.undp.org/yasuni 

98.“12th Annual Jaina Lecture: Mahavira, Don Quixote and the history of ecological ethics and idealism”. SOAS, University of London. 2012-03-21. http://www.soas.ac.uk/biodiversity/21mar2012-12th-annual-jaina-lecture-mahavira-don-quixote-and-the-history-of-ecological-ethics-and-id.html 

99. “Green Conversations”. Forbes. http://blogs.forbes.com/michaeltobias.

100. http://www.odt.co.nz/your-town/invercargill/218678/environmentalists-efforts-recognised

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